Lade Veranstaltungen

« Alle Veranstaltungen

  • Diese Veranstaltung hat bereits stattgefunden.

Disputation Franz Kuntke: „Resilient Smart Farming: Crisis-Capable Information and Communication Technologies for Agriculture“

6. Dezember 2023 | 14:00 - 16:45

As in many sectors, agriculture is experiencing a continuous digitalization, i.e. an increase in data-driven technologies used. In contrast to companies of other critical infrastructures – e.g. energy or telecommunication – a typical farm is comparatively small and often run as a family business. Accordingly, the demands on farming technology, its implementation, and regulations are different in many terms. Also, the circumstances that influence crisis risks and crisis management are different in agriculture – and as digitalization introduces new potential risks, this process should be critically reviewed. But research in the area of farming equipment mostly concentrates on positive aspects of modern technologies. The current state-of-the-art approaches for agriculture are often referred under terms smart farming and agriculture 4.0, that incorporates more precise cultivation with less (manual) effort. But such new agriculture technology developments usually lack an assessment about its impact on the sector’s resilience and dependencies on other infrastructures. The research domain of disaster and risk sciences mostly concentrates on other topics, apart from agriculture, and the resilience research in agriculture itself is currently intensifying, but focusing more on problems resulting from climate and social change. For this reasons it remains unclear, how digitalization impacts resilience of the food production and food safety. Therefore, it is not well researched which technological developments may lead to undesired effects in the future. And how modern systems should be designed to allow for both, positive impacts on efficiency, and prevention of negative effects in terms of reduced resilience capacities, is also not answered by literature yet. Aim of the present work is to close this research gap in the interplay between agriculture, digitalization and resilience.
To answer the question to what extent current technologies used by farmers are at risk of failure, the dissertation first presents a snapshot of the resilience state of agricultural companies and their used technologies. This involves interviews with stakeholders, mainly farmers, as well as surveying security issues of the LoRaWAN protocol, a transmission technology especially useful for agricultural Internet of Things. Which desires of farmers regarding software focusing on aspects of business continuity and secured operations exist, is another open question, that is also answered with empirical methods, mainly focus groups and usability tests. Then the rise of Internet of Things in agriculture raises another question, whether such technologies acquired for smart farming could also have benefits for resilience against internet-connection-lost situations. This question is answered by empirical evaluation of LoRaWAN range characteristics in agricultural landscapes, as well as artifact generation for resilient communication channels on top of LoRaWAN transmission devices.
Several findings are derived from the conducted research: There is a lack in understanding how strong the used tools in agriculture are dependent on Information and Communications Technology, and many tools does require a working internet connection. Additionally, information technology used by agricultural companies has security issues, as in other domains, which must be considered at best in the design phase of technology by system engineers, but should be at the latest a decision criteria when users choose a new technology. Based on these findings, developments and evaluations of new software approaches are presented: Derived design criteria and own system designs, that allow for modern data-driven business operations, including Internet of Things integration based on LoRaWAN. The developed solutions show an increase of resilience capacities by enhancing the communication possibilities in crisis situations. The thesis points out, how the state of resilience in agriculture of developed countries is today, and what to expect from current generation technology. Additionally, it builds new concepts and software artifacts as an example, how disaster-capable features can be integrated into information management systems for a more crisis-proof future of farm operations.

Mi. 6. Dezember 2023, 14:00-15:45 Uhr im CYSEC-Gebäude
(Gebäudenummer: S2/20; Anschrift: Pankratiusstr. 2, Darmstadt, Raum: 9).

  • 14:00h: öffentlicher Vortrag von 30min
  • 14:30h: Wissenschaftliches Gespräch von 60min
  • 15:30h: Interne Kommissionssitzung und Ergebnisverkündung
  • ab 15:45h: Empfang
Disputation Franz Kuntke: „Resilient Smart Farming: Crisis-Capable Information and Communication Technologies for Agriculture“


6. Dezember 2023
14:00 - 16:45