Information Technology for Peace and Security

Christian Reuter (2019, Hrsg.): Information Technology for Peace and Security – IT-Applications and Infrastructures in Conflicts, Crises, War, and Peace. Springer Vieweg. DOI:10.1007/978-3-658-25652-4, ISBN 978-3-658-25652-4 (eBook), 978-3-658-25651-7 (Softcover),;,

Technological and scientific progress, especially the rapid development in information technology (IT), plays a crucial role regarding questions of peace and security. This textbook addresses the significance, potentials and challenges of IT for peace and security. For this purpose, the book offers an introduction to peace, conflict, and security research, thereby focusing on natural-science, technical and computer science perspectives. In the following, it sheds light on cyber conflicts, war and peace, cyber arms control, cyber attribution and infrastructures as well as culture and interaction before an outlook is given.


Sicherheitskritische Mensch-Computer-Interaktion

Reuter, Christian (2021, Hrsg.): Sicherheitskritische Mensch-Computer-Interaktion – Interaktive Technologien und Soziale Medien im Krisen- und Sicherheitsmanagement. 2. Aufl., 733, E-Book (ISBN 978-3-658-32795-8, 34,99€), Softcover (ISBN 978-3-658-32794-1; 44,99€),;

Die zweite, aktualisierte Auflage dieses Lehr- und Fachbuchs gibt eine fundierte und praxisbezogene Einführung sowie einen Überblick über Grundlagen, Methoden und Anwendungen der Mensch-Computer-Interaktion im Kontext von Sicherheit, Notfällen, Krisen, Katastrophen, Krieg und Frieden. Dies adressierend werden interaktive, mobile, ubiquitäre und kooperative Technologien sowie soziale Medien vorgestellt. Hierbei finden klassische Themen wie benutzbare (IT-)Sicherheit, Industrie 4.0, Katastrophenschutz, Medizin und Automobil, aber auch Augmented Reality, Crowdsourcing, Shitstorm Management, Social Media Analytics und Cyberwar ihren Platz. Methodisch wird das Spektrum von Usable Safety bis Usable Security Engineering von Analyse über Design bis Evaluation abgedeckt. Das Buch eignet sich ebenso als Lehrbuch für Studierende wie als Handbuch für Fachleute aus Wissenschaft, Design, Entwicklung und Anwendung.

Frühere Auflage:

Reuter, Christian (Hrsg.): Sicherheitskritische Mensch-Computer-Interaktion – Interaktive Technologien und Soziale Medien im Krisen- und Sicherheitsmanagement. 1. Aufl. 2018, 645 S., 147 Abb., E-Book (ISBN 978-3-658-19523-6, 29,99€), Softcover (ISBN 978-3-658-19522-9; 39,99€),;

Emergent Collaboration Infrastructures

Christian Reuter (2014) Emergent Collaboration Infrastructures: Technology Design for Inter-Organizational Crisis Management, S. 280 p. 52 illus., Siegen, Germany: Springer Gabler, url, doi:10.1007/978-3-658-08586-5

​Using the domain of crisis management, Christian Reuter explores challenges and opportunities for technology design in emergent environments. He therefore empirically analyzes collaborative work in inter-organizational crisis – such as the police, fire departments, energy network operators and citizens – in order to identify collaboration practices that reveal work infrastructure limitations. He also designs, implements and evaluates novel concepts and ICT artifacts towards the support of emergent collaboration. Besides the discovery of potential organizational effects on the ability to deal with emergence he presents methodological implications for technology design.

Information Refinement Technologies for Crisis Informatics

Marc-André Kaufhold (2021): Information Refinement Technologies for Crisis Informatics: User Expectations and Design Principles for Social Media and Mobile Apps. Springer Vieweg, 381 p. 52 illus., DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-33341-6, ISBN: 978-3-658-33341-6 (eBook), 978-3-658-33343-0 (Softcover),,

Marc-André Kaufhold explores user expectations and design implications for the utilization of new media in crisis management and response. He develops a novel framework for information refinement, which integrates the event, organisational, societal, and technological perspectives of crises. Therefore, he reviews the state of the art on crisis informatics and empirically examines the use, potentials and barriers of both social media and mobile apps. Based on these insights, he designs and evaluates ICT concepts and artifacts with the aim to overcome the issues of information overload and quality in large-scale crises, concluding with practical and theoretical implications for technology adaptation and design.

A European Perspective on Crisis Informatics

Christian Reuter (2022): A European Perspective on Crisis Informatics – Citizens’ and Authorities’ Attitudes Towards Social Media for Public Safety and Security. Springer Vieweg. DOI:10.1007/978-3-658-39720-3, (ISBN 978-3-658-39720-3 28,88€ eBook), (978-3-658-39719-7 37,44€ Softcover),

Mobilising helpers in the event of a flood or letting friends know that you are okay in the event of a terrorist attack – more and more people are using social media in emergency, crisis or disaster situations. Storms, floods, attacks or pandemics (esp. COVID-19) show that citizens use social media to inform themselves or to coordinate. This book presents qualitative and quantitative studies on the attitudes of emergency services and citizens in Europe towards social media in emergencies. Across the individual sub-studies, almost 10,000 people are surveyed including representative studies in the Netherlands, Germany, the UK and Italy. The work empirically shows that social media is increasingly important for emergency services, both for prevention and during crises; that private use of social media is a driving force in shaping opinions for organisational use; and that citizens have high expectations towards authorities, especially monitoring social media is expected, and sometimes responses within one hour. Depending on the risk culture, the data show further differences, e.g. whether the state (Germany) or the individual (Netherlands) is seen as primarily responsible for coping with the situation.

Technology Assessment of Dual-Use ICTs – How to Assess Diffusion, Governance and Design

Thea Riebe (2023): Technology Assessment of Dual-Use ICTs – How to Assess Diffusion, Governance and Design. Springer Vieweg. DOI:10.1007/978-3-658-41667-6, (ISBN 978-3-658-41667-6 85,59€ eBook), (978-3-658-41666-9 106,99€ Softcover),

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are important to human, national, and even international security. IT research, artifacts, and knowledge that can be applied in military and civilian contexts, used as part of weapon systems, or cause significant harm are referred to as dual-use. Advances in artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, cybersecurity, and open source intelligence (OSINT) raise questions about their dual-use risks. But how can dual-use of such disparate technologies be assessed? Case studies are still lacking on how to assess dual-use ICT and how to enable sensitive and responsible dual-use design. To address the research gap, this cumulative dissertation uses Technology Assessment (TA) as an epistemological framework to bring together approaches of Critical Security Studies (CSS) as well as Value Sensitive Design (VSD) from the field of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). As a result, the dissertation systematizes the dual-use risks and scenarios of the selected ICTs and derives organizational and design implications.

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